Absolutism in Europe


Absolutism took height in Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Absolutism was a form of government characterized by the idea that monarchs ruled by divine right and therefore had ultimate power. Absolute monarchs made laws, regulated taxes, and controlled religion.

The key to the power of absolute monarchs was their solution to financial problems: bureaucracies. The ruler would appoint officials to control the economic issues of the country according to the monarch’s own interests. Click on the links below to learn about important figures in Europe during the “Age of Absolutism”.

England

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Charles_I

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Oliver_Cromwell

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John_Locke

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Isaac_Newton


France
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Louis_XIV
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Louis_XVI
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Napoleon_Bonaparte
Voltaire
Sweden
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Gustavus_Adolphus


Prussia
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Frederick_The_Great


Russia
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Catherine_The_Great

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Ivan The Terrible

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Peter_The_Great
Spain
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Philip_II